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OSHA Crane Safety Regulations

Crane, derrick, and hoist safety hazards are addressed in specific standards for the general industry, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification, and the construction industry. This page highlights OSHA standards, the Regulatory Agenda (a list of actions being taken with regard to OSHA standards), Federal Registers (rules, proposed rules, and notices), directives (instructions for compliance officers), and standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to crane, derrick, and hoist safety.
Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act, often referred to as the General Duty Clause, requires employers to "furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees".

Section 5(a)(2) requires employers to "comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act".

Note: Twenty-four states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.
Highlighted Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910) Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917) Longshoring (29 CFR 1918) Gear Certification (29 CFR 1919)
  • 1919.2, Definition of terms
  • 1919.12, Recordkeeping and related procedures concerning records in custody of the vessel
  • 1919.15, Periodic tests, examinations and inspections
  • 1919.16, Heat treatment
  • 1919.21, Marking and posting of safe working loads
  • 1919.24, Limitations on use of wire rope
  • 1919.28, Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto
  • 1919.73, Unit proof test and examination of derricks
  • 1919.75, Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's data
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
Regulatory Agenda Federal Registers Directives Standard Interpretations